Stats
Primary Stats
Type Min Max
HP 172 935
PATK 80 200
PDEF 32 150
MATK 28 95
MDEF 24 100
DEX 45 115
AGI 58 96
CRIT 60 120
LUCK 29 150
Jewels 55 220
Primary Stats
Type 60 65 75 99
HP 626 665 742 927
PATK 151 157 169 198
PDEF 102 108 120 148
MATK 67 71 78 94
MDEF 69 73 80 99
DEX 86 90 97 114
AGI 80 82 86 95
CRIT 95 98 104 119
LUCK 101 107 119 148
Jewels 153 161 178 218
Leader Skill
Pulsing Rage (5★)
Raises HP by 50%, Slash ATK Power by 10%, and Healing by 20% for units from Wratharis
Hide Target Buff
Target Buff (SelfSide)
Origin Wratharis
Stats
Type Min Max
HP +50%
Slash ATK Power +10
Healing +20
Related Gears
Gear Type Stats
Greatsword PATK +50
Guts +5
Healing +15
Armor HP +600
PDEF +80
MDEF +60
Light Res +50
Accessory AGI +10
Slash ATK Power +12
Jewels Obtained +15
Stun Res +50
Related Mementos
Memento Stats
HP +80
Slash ATK Power +13
Thunder +13
HP +640
Healing +24
Guts +8
Quests
Type Quests
Soul Shard Featuring Soul Shards Featuring Vlad Soul Shards
Requirements
Level Limit Break
85 25
Evolution
Level Materials Zeni Cost
1 500000
Enhancement
Stats
Level HP PATK MATK AGI
1 Max Level +2
2 +100 +2 +2 +0
3 +200 +4 +4 +0
4 +300 +6 +6 +1
5 +400 +8 +8 +1
6 +500 +10 +10 +2
Max Level Enhancement (Stats)
Stats
Type Value
HP +75
PDEF +10
MDEF +20
Evolution
Level Soul Shard Materials Zeni Cost
2 250000
3 400000
4 750000
5 1500000
6 5000000
Requirements
Gate Job Level 11
Envy Level 3
Enhancement
Stats
Level PDEF MDEF CRIT Hit Rate
1 Max Level +2
2 +9 +12 +2 +1
3 +18 +24 +4 +2
4 +27 +36 +6 +3
5 +36 +48 +8 +4
6 +45 +60 +10 +5
Max Level Enhancement (Ability)
New Skill
Greatly raises PATK/MATK & raises Max HP & lowers PDEF/MDEF
Target Buff (Self)
Stats
Type Min Max
PATK +50%
MATK +50%
PDEF -25%
MDEF -25%
HP +30%
Old Skill
Greatly raises PATK/MATK & lowers PDEF/MDEF
Hide Target Buff
Target Buff (Self)
Stats
Type Min Max
PATK +25% +50%
MATK +25% +50%
PDEF -25%
MDEF -25%
Evolution
Level Soul Shard Materials Zeni Cost
2 250000
3 400000
4 750000
5 1500000
6 10000000
Requirements
Gate
Sloth Level 3
Enhancement
Stats
Level HP DEX AGI Evasion Rate
1 Max Level +2
2 +9 +6 +0 +3
3 +18 +12 +0 +6
4 +27 +18 +1 +9
5 +36 +24 +1 +12
6 +45 +30 +2 +15
Max Level Enhancement (Leader Skill)
Pulsing Rage
Raises HP by 50%, All ATK by 10%, and Healing by 20% for units from Wratharis
Target Buff (SelfSide)
Origin Wratharis
Stats
Type Min Max
HP +50%
Thunder +10
Fire +10
Water +10
Wind +10
Light +10
Dark +10
Healing +20
Evolution
Level Soul Shard Materials Zeni Cost
2 250000
3 400000
4 750000
5 1500000
6 8000000
Requirements
Gate
Lust Level 3
Enhancement
Stats
Level HP PDEF MDEF Hit Rate
1 Max Level +2
2 +55 +2 +2 +1
3 +110 +4 +4 +2
4 +165 +6 +6 +3
5 +220 +8 +8 +4
6 +275 +10 +10 +5
Max Level Enhancement (Stats)
Stats
Type Value
HP +75
PDEF +10
MDEF +20
Strong vs Envy +60
Evolution
Level Soul Shard Materials Zeni Cost
2 250000
3 400000
4 750000
5 1500000
6 8000000
Requirements
Gate
Gluttony Level 3
Enhancement
Stats
Level HP PDEF MDEF AGI CRIT
1 Max Level +2
2 +33 +1 +2 +0 +10
3 +66 +2 +4 +0 +20
4 +99 +3 +6 +1 +30
5 +132 +4 +8 +1 +40
6 +165 +5 +10 +2 +50
Max Level Enhancement (Ability)
Thunder Slash ATK on enemies in area around self after moving & negates Statuses on self for one turn & moves targets up to 4sq forward [Move Area: Diamond (7), Area: Cross (11), Height Range: 2)
Skill Effect
Type Min Max
Attack 220%
ATK Scaling
1.5 * PATK
Charges:
5
40
Height:
2
Range
Area
Self Condition
Conditions
DisableCondition
Type Min Max
Rate 100%
Value 100%
Duration (ActionStart) 1
Thunder Slash ATK on targets in area around self after moving & negates Statuses on self for one turn & moves targets up to 4sq forward [Move Area: Diamond (7), Area: Cross (11), Height Range: 2)
Skill Effect
Type Min Max
Attack 180%
ATK Scaling
1.5 * PATK
Charges:
3
40
Height:
2
Range
Area
Self Condition
Conditions
DisableCondition
Type Min Max
Rate 100%
Value 100%
Duration (ActionStart) 1
Quadruples own PATK until one attack is performed
Charges:
3
60
Range
Area
Hide Target Buff
Target Buff (Self)
Duration (AttackEnd) 1
Stats
Type Min Max
PATK +300%
Doubles PATK until one attack is performed
Charges:
3
60
Range
Area
Hide Target Buff
Target Buff (Self)
Duration (AttackEnd) 1
Stats
Type Min Max
PATK +100%
Consumes own HP and inflicts ultra-powerful Dark Slash ATK to units within target area that increases in power according to number of dead allies [Range: 3, Area: Cross (3), Height Range: 2]
Skill Effect
Type Min Max
Attack 180% 210%
ATK Scaling
1.5 * PATK
Charges:
3
60
Height:
2
Cast Speed:
320
DMG +65% per dead ally
HP Cost:
30%
Range
Area
Consumes own HP and inflicts ultra-powerful Dark Slash ATK to units within target area that increases in power according to number of dead allies [Range: 3, Area: Cross (3), Height Range: 2]
Skill Effect
Type Min Max
Attack 180% 210%
ATK Scaling
1.5 * PATK
Charges:
3
60
Height:
2
Cast Speed:
320
DMG +10% per dead ally
HP Cost:
30%
Range
Area
Evolution
Level Soul Shard Materials Zeni Cost
2 250000
3 400000
4 750000
5 1500000
6 10000000
Requirements
Gate
Wrath Level 3
Enhancement
Stats
Level HP DEX AGI LUCK
1 Max Level +2
2 +188 +17 +0 +8
3 +376 +34 +0 +16
4 +564 +51 +1 +24
5 +752 +68 +1 +32
6 +940 +85 +2 +40
Evolution
Level Soul Shard Materials Zeni Cost
2 500000
3 800000
4 1500000
5 3000000
6 15000000
Requirements
Gate
Greed Level 3
Enhancement
Stats
Level HP PATK MATK AGI
1 Max Level +2
2 +15 +9 +9 +0
3 +30 +18 +18 +0
4 +45 +27 +27 +1
5 +60 +36 +36 +1
6 +75 +45 +45 +2
Evolution
Level Soul Shard Materials Zeni Cost
2 1000000
3 1500000
4 3000000
5 6000000
6 30000000
Spirit Gear
Vlad Revenant Gear
Level Skill
10 Lightning's Might
Level Stats
1 HP +1%
2 HP +1%
3 HP +1%
4 HP +1%
5 HP +11%
6 HP +1%
7 HP +1%
8 HP +1%
9 HP +1%
10 HP +1%
Slash ATK Power +5
11 HP +1%
12 HP +1%
13 HP +1%
14 HP +1%
15 HP +11%
Spirit Gear Ability
Adds Strong vs Water to own Thunder attacks
Hide Target Buff
Target Buff (Self)
Stats
Type Min Max
Strong vs Water +25
Stats
Primary Stats
Type Equipment Modifier
HP +432 +45%
PATK +342 +45%
PDEF +217 +25%
MATK +45 -10%
MDEF +38 -10%
DEX +172 -
AGI +40 +20%
CRIT +129 +25%
LUCK +63 +5%
Jewels - -
Other Stats
Type Equipment
Jewels Obtained +35
Disable Heal Res +56
Job Master Bonus
Type Value
HP +26%
PATK +6%
DEX +2%
AGI +2%
CRIT +4%
Basic Information
Type Attacker
Move 4
Jump 2
Initial Jewels 25%
Weapon Type Greatsword
Elemental Res
Type Equipment Type Equipment
+6 +9
+5 +4
- -
Status Res
Type Equipment Type Equipment
+10 +25
+25 +43
+38 +15
- -
- -
- -
- -
+28 -
Slash
Skill Effect
Type Min Max
Attack 100%
ATK Scaling
1.5 * PATK
Height:
2
Back Defense Rate:
-15%
Range
Area
Thunderer Techniques
Thunder Slash ATK on targets in area around self & inflicts Stun for two turns & grows more powerful with more targets [Area: Diamond (5), Height Range: 2]
Skill Effect
Effect Hit Target Num Rate 30
Effect Hit Target Num Formula 30 * (Units Total - 1)
Type Min Max
Attack 135% 175%
State Dependent Effect (Target)
Tokkou Damage Rate +80
State Requirement Any
Conditions
ATK Scaling
1.5 * PATK
Charges:
3
32
Height:
2
Range
Area
Target Condition (NotSelf)
Conditions
FailCondition
Type Min Max
Rate 100%
Value 100%
Duration (ActionStart) 3
Absorbs Jewels from enemy after moving [Range: 5, Height Range: 2]
Skill Effect
Type Min Max
Jewel Attack 100% 120%
Formula sqrt(Damage) * 2
ATK Scaling
1.5 * PATK
Charges:
3
12
Height:
2
Range
Area
Strike ATK on enemies in area around self & moves target up to 3sq forward & inflicts Bind for one turn & grows more powerful with more targets [Area: Square (7), Height Range: 2]
Skill Effect
Effect Hit Target Num Rate 10
Effect Hit Target Num Formula 10 * (Units Total - 1)
Type Min Max
Attack 100% 110%
ATK Scaling
1.5 * PATK
Charges:
2
36
Height:
2
Range
Area
Target Condition (EnemySide)
Conditions
FailCondition
Type Min Max
Rate 100%
Value 100%
Duration (ActionStart) 2
Thunder Slash ATK on targets in area around self after moving & negates Statuses on self for one turn & moves targets up to 4sq forward [Move Area: Diamond (7), Area: Cross (11), Height Range: 2)
Skill Effect
Type Min Max
Attack 180%
ATK Scaling
1.5 * PATK
Charges:
3
40
Height:
2
Range
Area
Self Condition
Conditions
DisableCondition
Type Min Max
Rate 100%
Value 100%
Duration (ActionStart) 1
Basic Thunderer Techniques
Moves adjacent unit to empty grid [Throw Distance: Diamond (7), Height Range: 3]
Charges:
3
18
Height:
3
Range
Area
Jumping Slash ATK on enemy that grows more powerful as own HP decreases & Absorbs back part of Dmg inflicted as HP
Skill Effect
Effect HP Rate -200%
Effect HP Damage 80%~280% 105%~305%
Type Min Max
Attack 280% 305%
ATK Scaling
1.5 * PATK
Charges:
2
24
Height:
3
Cast Speed:
360
Range
Area
Raises Max HP (Recovers amount raised) and All Elemental Res for five turns & greatly lowers Evasion Rate
Charges:
2
24
Range
Area
Target Buff (Self)
Duration (ActionStart) 5
Stats
Type Min Max
HP +30%
Fire Res +20
Water Res +20
Wind Res +20
Thunder Res +20
Light Res +20
Dark Res +20
Evasion Rate -100
Passive Abilities
Absorbs enemy's HP when taking Dmg & also activated by Skill ATKs [Range: Cross (7), Height Range: 3]
Skill Effect (TotalDamage)
Type Min Max
ReflectDamage 65%
Height:
3
Range
Area
Raises Max HP/PATK
Hide Target Buff
Target Buff (Self)
Stats
Type Min Max
HP +20% +30%
PATK +10% +15%
Inflicts Rebellion for three turns after appearing on map
Hide Target Buff
Target Buff (Self)
Duration (ActionStart) 3
Stats
Type Min Max
Reaction Block Res +999
Target Condition (Self)
Conditions
Disable Reaction Block
DisableCondition
Type Min Max
Rate 100%
Value 2000%
Duration (ActionStart) 3
Stats
Primary Stats
Type Equipment Modifier
HP +516 +25%
PATK +330 +20%
PDEF +155 +5%
MATK +81 -10%
MDEF +45 +5%
DEX +175 -6%
AGI +18 +8%
CRIT +165 +6%
LUCK +57 -
Jewels - -
Other Stats
Type Equipment
Jewels Obtained +8
Job Master Bonus
Type Value
HP +30%
PATK +4%
AGI +2%
CRIT +2%
Basic Information
Type Attacker
Move 4
Jump 2
Initial Jewels 15%
Weapon Type Axe
Elemental Res
Type Equipment Type Equipment
+8 +4
+5 +3
+1 -
Status Res
Type Equipment Type Equipment
+20 +15
+15 +43
+73 +15
- -
- -
- -
- -
+28 -
Slash ATK (3 sq forward)
Skill Effect
Type Min Max
Attack 90%
ATK Scaling
1.5 * PATK
Height:
2
DMG +40% per dead ally
Back Defense Rate:
-15%
Range
Area
Sacred Berserker Arts
Slash ATK on enemy unit that increases in strength according to number of dead allies [Range: 2, Height Range: 3]
Skill Effect
Type Min Max
Attack 120% 140%
ATK Scaling
1.5 * PATK
Charges:
5
50
Height:
3
DMG +40% per dead ally
Range
Area
Doubles PATK until one attack is performed
Charges:
3
60
Range
Area
Hide Target Buff
Target Buff (Self)
Duration (AttackEnd) 1
Stats
Type Min Max
PATK +100%
After moving, Slash ATK on target units within area that increases in strength according to number of dead allies & moves target 2 sq back & will survive fatal Dmg for one turn & halves own AGI [Move Area: 4, Area: Diamond (5), Height Range: 2]
Skill Effect
Type Min Max
Attack 130% 150%
ATK Scaling
1.5 * PATK
Charges:
2
80
Height:
2
DMG +40% per dead ally
Range
Area
Hide Self Buff
Self Buff
Duration (ActionStart) 1
Stats
Type Min Max
AGI -50%
Guts +100
Basic Sacred Berserker Arts
Slash ATK on target units within area that increases in strength according to number of dead allies [Range: 3, Area: Lateral (3), Height Range: 2]
Skill Effect
Type Min Max
Attack 110% 135%
ATK Scaling
1.5 * PATK
Charges:
5
60
Height:
2
DMG +40% per dead ally
Range
Area
Inflicts Stun on enemy units within area for three turns [Range: 3, Area: Lateral (3), Height Range: 2]
Charges:
2
36
Height:
2
Range
Area
Target Condition (EnemySide)
Conditions
FailCondition
Type Min Max
Rate 100%
Value 100%
Duration (ActionStart) 4
Slash ATK on enemy units within area around self that increases in strength according to number of dead allies & absorbs HP [Area: Square (3), Height Range: 2]
Skill Effect
Type Min Max
Attack 80% 100%
ATK Scaling
1.5 * PATK
Charges:
3
70
Height:
2
DMG +40% per dead ally
Range
Area
Passive Abilities
Max HP & Charm Res Up
Hide Target Buff
Target Buff (Self)
Stats
Type Min Max
HP +10% +30%
Charm Res +1 +20
Recovers own Jewels when receiving Dmg & also activated by Skill ATKs
Skill Effect (TotalDamage)
Type Min Max
GemsIncDec 1 20
Stats
Primary Stats
Type Equipment Modifier
HP +252 -5%
PATK +241 +20%
PDEF +128 +5%
MATK +57 -8%
MDEF +50 -5%
DEX +165 -8%
AGI +24 -2%
CRIT +119 +24%
LUCK +63 -5%
Jewels - -5%
Other Stats
Type Equipment
Jewels Obtained +32
Job Master Bonus
Type Value
HP +16%
PATK +6%
MATK +3%
DEX +1%
CRIT +3%
Basic Information
Type Attacker
Move 3
Jump 2
Initial Jewels 25%
Weapon Type Greatsword
Elemental Res
Type Equipment Type Equipment
+7 +4
+5 +3
+1 +3
Status Res
Type Equipment Type Equipment
+10 +15
+15 +43
+38 +15
- -
- -
- -
- -
+28 -
Skill Effect
Type Min Max
Attack 100%
ATK Scaling
1.5 * PATK
Height:
1
Back Defense Rate:
-15%
Range
Area
Pitch-Black Blade
Slash ATK to an enemy with chance of inflicting Death Sentence [Range: 1, Height Range: 3]
Skill Effect
Type Min Max
Attack 50% 75%
ATK Scaling
1.5 * PATK
Charges:
3
16
Height:
3
Range
Area
Target Condition (EnemySide)
Conditions
FailCondition
Type Min Max
Rate 10% 25%
Value 100%
Duration (ActionStart) 3
Dark Slash ATK to units within target area [Range: 3, Area: Cross (3), Height Range: 1]
Skill Effect
Type Min Max
Attack 105% 110%
ATK Scaling
1.5 * PATK
Charges:
5
36
Height:
1
Range
Area
Consumes small amount of own HP and Dark Slash ATK to units within target area [Area: Cross (3), Height Range: 2]
Skill Effect
Type Min Max
Attack 115% 125%
ATK Scaling
1.5 * PATK
Charges:
3
36
Height:
2
HP Cost:
20%
Range
Area
Consumes own HP and Dark Slash ATK to units within target area that increases according to number of dead allies [Range: 3, Area: Cross (3), Height Range: 2]
Skill Effect
Type Min Max
Attack 130% 145%
ATK Scaling
1.5 * PATK
Charges:
3
50
Height:
2
DMG +5% per dead ally
HP Cost:
30%
Range
Area
Slash ATK & PATK/MATK Up & PDEF/MDEF Down & forces Berserk status [Range: 1, Height Range: 1]
Skill Effect
Type Min Max
Attack 130% 150%
ATK Scaling
1.5 * PATK
Charges:
1
66
Height:
1
Range
Area
Hide Self Buff
Self Buff
Stats
Type Min Max
PATK +20% +30%
MATK +20% +30%
PDEF -15%
MDEF -15%
Self Condition
Conditions
ForcedFailCondition
Type Min Max
Rate 100%
Value 100%
Duration (ActionStart) 3
Berserk ATK Rate +10%
Berserk DEF Rate -10%
Basic Pitch-Black Blade
Absorbs HP from target [Range: 3, Height Range: 2]
Skill Effect
Type Min Max
Attack 90% 100%
ATK Scaling
1.5 * MATK
Charges:
5
12
Height:
2
Cast Speed:
360
Range
Area
Absorbs Jewels from target [Range: 3, Height Range: 2]
Skill Effect
Type Min Max
Jewel Attack 90% 100%
Formula sqrt(Damage) * 2
ATK Scaling
1.5 * MATK
Charges:
3
12
Height:
2
Cast Speed:
360
Range
Area
Greatly raises own PATK and CRIT, but lowers PDEF/MDEF
Charges:
3
20
Range
Area
Hide Target Buff
Target Buff (Self)
Duration (ActionStart) 3
Stats
Type Min Max
PATK +20% +30%
CRIT +20% +30%
PDEF -15%
MDEF -15%
Slash ATK to units within target area that grows more powerful the lower own remaining HP is [Range: 3, Area: Line (3), Height Range: 1]
Skill Effect
Effect HP Rate -15%
Effect HP Damage 110%~125% 125%~140%
Type Min Max
Attack 125% 140%
ATK Scaling
1.5 * PATK
Charges:
3
32
Height:
1
Range
Area
Passive Abilities
Greatly raises PATK/MATK & lowers PDEF/MDEF
Hide Target Buff
Target Buff (Self)
Stats
Type Min Max
PATK +25% +50%
MATK +25% +50%
PDEF -25%
MDEF -25%
After receiving Phys Dmg, chance of performing counter & chance of forcing Berserk status [Range: 1, Height Range: 1]
Skill Effect (TotalDamage)
Rate Min: 5%
Max: 25%
Type Min Max
Attack 100%
ATK Scaling
1.5 * PATK
Height:
1
Range
Area
Self Condition
Conditions
FailCondition
Type Min Max
Rate 25%
Value 100%
Duration (ActionStart) 3
Berserk ATK Rate +10%
Berserk DEF Rate -10%
Reduces HP cost for skills that consume HP & raises Max HP
Hide Target Buff
Target Buff (Self)
Stats
Type Min Max
HP Cost Rate -25 -50
HP +5% +15%
Stats
Primary Stats
Type Equipment Modifier
HP +238 +2%
PATK +304 +50%
PDEF +128 -35%
MATK +57 -8%
MDEF +50 -45%
DEX +165 -3%
AGI +20 -8%
CRIT +128 +28%
LUCK +63 -5%
Jewels - -5%
Other Stats
Type Equipment
Jewels Obtained +32
Job Master Bonus
Type Value
HP +20%
PATK +7%
MATK +3%
DEX +1%
CRIT +3%
HP +100
Basic Information
Type Attacker
Move 3
Jump 2
Initial Jewels 25%
Weapon Type Greatsword
Elemental Res
Type Equipment Type Equipment
+7 +4
+5 +3
+1 +3
Status Res
Type Equipment Type Equipment
+10 +15
+15 +43
+38 +15
- -
- -
- -
- -
+28 -
Skill Effect
Type Min Max
Attack 100%
ATK Scaling
1.5 * PATK
Height:
1
Back Defense Rate:
-15%
Range
Area
Pitch-Black Blade
Slash ATK to an enemy with chance of inflicting Death Sentence [Range: 1, Height Range: 3]
Skill Effect
Type Min Max
Attack 50% 75%
ATK Scaling
1.5 * PATK
Charges:
3
16
Height:
3
Range
Area
Target Condition (EnemySide)
Conditions
FailCondition
Type Min Max
Rate 10% 25%
Value 100%
Duration (ActionStart) 3
Dark Slash ATK to units within target area [Range: 3, Area: Cross (3), Height Range: 1]
Skill Effect
Type Min Max
Attack 105% 110%
ATK Scaling
1.5 * PATK
Charges:
5
36
Height:
1
Range
Area
Consumes own HP and Dark Slash ATK to units within target area [Range: 2, Area: Lateral (3), Height Range: 2]
Skill Effect
Type Min Max
Attack 140% 150%
ATK Scaling
1.5 * PATK
Charges:
3
24
Height:
2
HP Cost:
20%
Range
Area
Consumes own HP and inflicts ultra-powerful Dark Slash ATK to units within target area that increases in power according to number of dead allies [Range: 3, Area: Cross (3), Height Range: 2]
Skill Effect
Type Min Max
Attack 180% 210%
ATK Scaling
1.5 * PATK
Charges:
3
60
Height:
2
Cast Speed:
320
DMG +10% per dead ally
HP Cost:
30%
Range
Area
Slash ATK & PATK/MATK Up & PDEF/MDEF Down & forces Berserk status [Range: 1, Height Range: 1]
Skill Effect
Type Min Max
Attack 130% 150%
ATK Scaling
1.5 * PATK
Charges:
1
66
Height:
1
Range
Area
Hide Self Buff
Self Buff
Stats
Type Min Max
PATK +20% +30%
MATK +20% +30%
PDEF -15%
MDEF -15%
Self Condition
Conditions
ForcedFailCondition
Type Min Max
Rate 100%
Value 100%
Duration (ActionStart) 3
Berserk ATK Rate +10%
Berserk DEF Rate -10%
Basic Pitch-Black Blade
Absorbs HP from target [Range: 3, Height Range: 2]
Skill Effect
Type Min Max
Attack 90% 100%
ATK Scaling
1.5 * MATK
Charges:
5
12
Height:
2
Cast Speed:
360
Range
Area
Absorbs Jewels from target [Range: 3, Height Range: 2]
Skill Effect
Type Min Max
Jewel Attack 90% 100%
Formula sqrt(Damage) * 2
ATK Scaling
1.5 * MATK
Charges:
3
12
Height:
2
Cast Speed:
360
Range
Area
Greatly raises own PATK and CRIT, but lowers PDEF/MDEF
Charges:
3
20
Range
Area